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Glossary

2-3-74. (Sometimes just 2-74 or 3-74; late in the Exegesis, 2-74-2-75.) Perhaps the seminal event of PKD’s life, at times, this is the intrusion or taking over of his body by some force he perceives as exterior to himself, which takes the form (in part) of recovered memories and/or memories of other, present, lives. Much of the Exegesis is the spinning out of the implications of this event, as well as attempts to explain it through diverse philosophical, scientific and religious traditions. PKD commonly describes this event as "becoming information" in both the Valis novels and the Exegesis.(gc)

5D world: The five-dimensional world (four space, one time) that replaced our flawed four-dimensional world (three space, one time) on or around 2-3-74. Related to Age of Aquarius (see below). See 54:J8 and much of the rest of 54:sections J + K. (gc)

Adam Kadmon:

Adonis: "A youth loved by Aphrodite who is killed at hunting by a wild boar and restored to Aphrodite from Hades for a part of each year; a very handsome young man." http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/adonis

Agape: One of several Greek words for love, as distinguished from eros (sexual love) and philia (friendship), often describing God or Christ's love for mankind. Often thought of as familial or unconditional, transcendent love. (jh)

Age of Aquarius: PKD seems to have become influenced by the ideas of Marylyn Ferguson and other New Age thinking in the later parts of the Exegesis and has concluded that this new astrological period began in 2-3-74. See 54:J8 and much of the rest of 54:sections J + K. (gc)

Ajna chakra: The so called "Third Eye", one of seven chakras modeled by Hindu texts and practices. Chakras are akin to "pressure points" that are useful for focusing meditation, yoga and the medical systems they spawned.

Allegro, John: Scholar of religion primarily known for his work on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Allegro pushed to have the entirety of the scrolls published as soon as possible, a stance that separated him from his colleagues, all ordained Catholic priests. He believed much of the New Testament had been derived from the scrolls -- suggesting the Jesus story had its basis in older folklore and myth -- which further estranged him from his colleagues, who began to see him as valuing personal attention over scholarship. In 1970 he published The Sacred Mushroom and The Cross, arguing that the Christ figure portrayed in the New Testament emerged out of earlier, cultic traditions. He also suggested that the religious practice of taking hallucinogenic mushrooms in order to know God continued into the Christian era. (jh)

AMORC: The Ancient and Mystical Order Rosae Crucis, better known as the Rosicrucians. Though this fraternal organization traces its origins to ancient mystery schools, the AMORC itself was established in 1915. In the 1960s, and 70s, they advertised in science fiction magazines.

Anamnesis: (Ancient Greek: ????????? "recollection, reminiscence", literally "loss of forgetfulness") is a term used in medicine, philosophy, psychoanalysis and religion first used by the Greek philosopher Plato to equate learning with remembering.(See F027P03)

Ananke: In Greek mythology, the personification of fate, destiny, and the pre-ordained. A female deity, one of the primal and most-powerful alongside Cronos. Also the title of a Stanislaw Lem short story (jh).

Anomic: Without law.

Asclepius or Asklepios: Greek god of healing and medicine.

Astral determinism

Attic Greek – a dialect of ancient Greek spoken in Attica

Augustine: Bishop of Hippo, Saint and Doctor of the Church, lived 354-430. In the Exegesis, Augustine's basically allegorical interpretation of Revelation is contrasted with that of "literal millenialists."

Autochtone: French for indigenous, aboriginal, native.

Avicenna: (Arabic ??? ???? - Ibn S?n?) Arabic philosopher and physician, lived ca. 980-1037. In his theology, he sought to reconcile Islamic doctrine with rational philosophy. The Exegesis mentions his description of God as existing outside of linear time.

Bacchae, The: Roman name for the maenads, figures of Greek mythology who worshiped the god Dionysus. "God drunk," they pursued religious ecstasy through intoxication and ritual slaughter of animals. Also known through the play of the same name, by Greek tragedian Euripides.(jh)

Bardo Thodol: Commonly known as the Tibetan Book of the Dead, this Tibetan Buddhist text describes the experiences of the mind between death and rebirth. This intermediary period is known in Tibetan as bardo.

Black Iron Prison:

Jakob Böhme: Visionary German shoemaker whose 1600 vision was reportedly induced by the play of light on a pewter dish.

Book of Adam and Eve: There are a number of Books of Adam and Eve in extracanonical literature. From the evidence in the Exegesis, it seems that PKD was familiar with the text now generally distinguished as The Conflict of Adam and Eve with the Serpent, which contrasts Adam and Eve's prelapsarian state with their later, fallen condition, in which their "eyes have become of flesh; they cannot see like they used to see before."

Boucher, Tony: Science fiction editor and author and friend of Philip K. Dick. He is best known as the editor of The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction from 1949-1958. Dick's first professional sale, the story "Roog," was made to Boucher. In the essay "Memories Found in a Bill from a Small Animal Vet," Dick theorized his cat Pinky was, in some way, a reincarnation of Boucher.

Bradbury stimulus or Bradbury TV experience: ??

Brahman: A concept from Vedic traditions referring generally to the uncreated substance of the universe that pervades all things, and the precursor to the creator god Brahm?. The Upanishads describe the perception of this primordial and eternal unity as the very goal and outcome of self knowledge of the sort PKD seeks in the Exegesis.

Bruno, Giordano: "original name Filippo Bruno, byname Il Nolano (born 1548, Nola, near Naples---died Feb. 17, 1600, Rome), Italian philosopher, astronomer, mathematician, and occultist whose theories anticipated modern science. The most notable of these were his theories of the infinite universe and the multiplicity of worlds, in which he rejected the traditional geocentric (or Earth-centred) astronomy and intuitively went beyond the Copernican heliocentric (Sun-centred) theory, which still maintained a finite universe with a sphere of fixed stars. Bruno is, perhaps, chiefly remembered for the tragic death he suffered at the stake because of the tenacity with which he maintained his unorthodox ideas at a time when both the Roman Catholic and the Reformed churches were reaffirming rigid Aristotelian and Scholastic principles in their struggle for the evangelization of Europe." http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/82258/Giordano-Bruno

Bush, Claudia Krenz: A graduate student at Idaho State University who corresponded with Dick shortly after 2-3-74 while researching her masters' thesis. The thesis, "The Splintered Shards: Reality and Illusion in the Novels of Philip K. Dick," was completed in Spring 1975.

Calvin, John: Protestant theologian. In the Exegesis, Calvin appears primarily as a proponent of the idea that prelapsarian human beings had extraordinary capabilities (an idea that appears in Book 2, chapter 2 of Institutes of the Christian Religion). This concept is not unique to Calvin, but Dick seems to have latched onto him as its primary advocate.

Campbell, Joseph

Clarke, Arthur C.: British science fiction author. His 1953 novel Childhood's End describes humankind's evolution into a single, unfathomable group mind. A 1975 Exegesis entry states that Dick was unfamiliar with the novel until 1975.

cosmos English term spawned by the Greek term for "order" and "ornament", Kosmos. Scientist Carl Sagan's 1980 Cosmos a Personal Voyage brought the term into widespread usage and provides a compelling "video track" to be played in parallel to the personal voyage of the Exegesis comparable to Pink Floyd's Dark Side of the Moon played as a soundtrack to the Wizard of Oz. See also "multiple tracking".

Corpus Christi: Latin for "Body of Christ." Dick also uses this in the more specifically theological sense of Mystici Corporis Christi: "The Church is called body, because it is a living entity; it is called the body of Christ, because Christ is its Head and Founder; it is called mystical body, because it is neither a purely physical nor a purely spiritual unity, but supernatural." (Wikipedia)

Crypte morphosis

Decoded NT or Decoded New Testament: see Savoy, Gene.

Deus absconditus: Latin for "hidden God."

Dibba cakkhu: the “divine eye,” part of the Abhijñ? "knowing" of Buddhism. One of the special knowledges opened to the enlightened.

Dick, Jane: PKD’s twin sister, who died in infancy. A crucial figure in PKD’s writing and philosophical thought, at times she becomes identical to VALIS or even God. At one point in section 39 she rises to the level of an ontology; see 39:18-19 and beyond, where PKD claims it is Jane who is alive and he who is but a thought in Jane's mind, and 39:21, where he suggests that the dialectic between him and his sister drives not only his life but the entire cosmos. (gc)

Dithyramb or dithyrambus: A Greek hymn in honor of Dionysus.

Ditheon

Dokos: "A second-best level of comprehension or awareness---‘opinion’ or ‘conjecture" http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/xenophanes/

EB: (Encyclopedia Britannica)

Eidola, sometimes misspelled Edola

Eleusian Mysteries Yearly secret initiation ceremonies held in ancient Greece devoted to the story of Persephone's abduction into the Underworld. "The Hymn to Demeter" is the only existing textual source for the ceremonies, which are generally acknowledged by scholars to be the most important of the ancient Mystery rites.

Empedocles: Pre-Socratic philosopher and naturalist. He theorized that change in the universe was the result of the interaction between the forces of Love and Strife. Scholars such as Thomas McEvilley has suggested that Empedocles was as much "shaman" as "philosopher", directly participating in the exploration of mind and nature. Empedocles, a scientist interested in the natural world, was the last Greek thinker to write his works in verse, and is reported by Diogenes Laërtius to have leapt into an active volcano in order to fuse with the divine, "wishing to establish a belief that he had become a God." Diogenes Laërtius also cites sources that report him to have been entombed at Megara, having lived anywhere from 60 to 109 years of age.

Enantiodromia: Greek, used by psychoanalyst Carl Jung (by way of Heraclitus) to describe a superabundant force which produces its opposite. Often used to describe the strife of binary opposition: for Jung this meant the struggle between conscious and unconscious mind, while Heraclitus applied the term more broadly, encompassing physics and metaphysics, as well as social relations. In Dick's work this can refer to several types of dialectical processes, depending on the context. [[89, 60]] (jh)

Encyclopedia Britannica or EB or Brit 3: Dick purchased a set of the newly-released 15th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, also known as the Britannica 3, in late 1974. The encyclopedia is divided into three sections: The one-volume Propaedia (a general outline of all human knowledge), the 12-volume Micropaedia (containing brief reference entries), and the 17-volume Macropaedia (containing in-depth articles on important subjects). The Britannica was an important source for the research behind the Exegesis.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy or E of Phil: A major reference work for the Exegesis. Dick was very likely using either the 8-volume work edited by Paul Edwards and published in 1967 by Macmillan, or the 1972 four-volume reprint of the same.

Engram (v. Spinoza): "The stored fragments of an episode" - related to memory. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/memory/

Entelechy: From Aristotle, meaning to be fully developed or actualized, and in a broader philosophical sense this refers to Aristotle's dichotomy of potentiality and actuality. Dick also draws on the work of German philosopher Hans Adolf Eduard Driesch, who used entelechy to indicate a life force distinct from the physical body. (See F027P15 for a PKD's citation of Dreisch from the Encyclopedia of Philosophy.)

Erasmus: Dutch Renaissance era Catholic Priest, theologian and satirist. Perhaps best known for his essay The Praise Of Folly (1509) which criticized the Pope at the time. Erasmus was very critical of many contemporary beliefs throughout the Reformation period.

Firebright: Fitting, Peter

Galapagos turtle

Ham sandwich model

Heimarmene: "The personification of fate."

Heraclitus: "A Greek philosopher of Ephesus (near modern Ku?adas?, Turkey) who was active around 500 BCE, Heraclitus propounded a distinctive theory which he expressed in oracular language. He is best known for his doctrines that things are constantly changing (universal flux), that opposites coincide (unity of opposites), and that fire is the basic material of the world." http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/heraclitus/

Hermetic philosophy

Homoplasmate: A plasmate is someone 'born again'. A homoplasmate is someone who resides inside a or the plasmate (Christ).

Ho On

Idios kosmos (private world)/koinos kosmos (communal world, shared world) - The two phrases come from the Diels-Kranz fragment B89 of Heraclitus: ? ?????????? ???? ???? ??????????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ????????????? ("Heraclitus said that the waking have one common world, but the sleeping turn aside each into a world of his own.") Koinos alo appears as a description of the early Christian community. (See F027P06.)

I-It and I-You relationship: Terms, taken from Martin Buber's I and Thou, describing two forms of relationship. In the first, the individual treats the world and other individuals as objects, things with use value; in the second, the individual enters true relationship with the world and other individuals as other subjects rather than objects. Buber conceives the latter form of relationship as the model of God's interaction with the world.

Ir leg

J. Bible: (Jerusalem Bible)

James-James: Evil or deranged creator figure in a dream described in chapter 18 of Radio Free Albemuth.

Jaynes, Julian Princeton University Professor of Psychology and author of The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicamerall Mind. Jaynes' emphasis on consciousness as "meta-awareness" or "awareness of awareness" is useful for understanding Dick's notion that VALIS was, among other things, "an ultra cognitive event" and a "meta-abstraction. " ( Folder 53) Jaynes' framework for understanding the nature and origin of consciousness was very influential on Dick and induced him to write to Jaynes about his 2-3-74 experiences.

Jungian - Based on the work of psychologist Carl Jung

Justification

Kingdom of Heaven: A reference to the New Testament, Luke 17:21, *"*And when he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God cometh not with observation: http://bible.cc/luke/17-21.htmNeither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you." ( King James translation). By invoking the Kingdom of Heaven, PKD suggests that paradise, enlightenment, heaven, are features of our being rather than external to us. Here PKD is consonant with the Chandogya Upanishad's description of the Self ( godhead) as "smaller than a grain of rice" as well as Jesus's Parable of the Mustard Seed.

*Kosmos: *Greek for "order".

Kozyrev, Nikolia or NK or Dr. NK: Russian physicist. His essay "Possibility of Experimental Study of the Properties of Time," which theorizes that time is a force with active causal properties, was an important source text for the Exegesis.

Krem, B. (Creme, Benjamin): Presumably the correct spelling of the man PKD frequently refers to as Krem, Creme is a New Age who PKD seems to have come in contact with (perhaps through television or radio rather than print, hence the misspelling). Throughout folder 54 PKD seems to take Creme’s theories as independent confirmation of his own speculations about VALIS. See 54:J9(all) and 54:K(all). Creme also seems to have a notion of a “secret invisible government” of monklike adepts that PKD adopts late in the Exegesis. More info at that other wiki: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Creme (gc)

Lem, Stanislaw:* *Polish writer of sci-fi, philosophy, and satire. Contributed “Philip K. Dick: A Visionary Among the Charlatans,” to Science Fiction Studies, #5, Volume 2, Part 1, March 1975. In this article Lem praised Dick, especially Ubik. The two corresponded, with Lem working on a Polish translation of Ubik. (jh)

Liebniz, Gottfried. (1646 - 1716) A German mathematician and philosopher who contributed greatly to the development of mechanical calculators, infinitesimal calculus, and binary.

Leibniz's Monad:

“Now this connexion or adaptation of all created things to each and of each to all, means that each simple substance has relations which express all the others, and, consequently, that it is a perpetual living mirror of the universe.” (Theod. 130, 360.) [http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/leibniz/monadology.html|http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/leibniz/monadology.html]

In his 1714 “Monadology,” Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) labeled ‘monads’ as “this connexion or adaptation of all created things to each and of each to all”. In doing so, he opposed Epicurean atomism and opted for a new theory of everything.

Logos: Greek for "Word (of God)".

Macro metasoma kosmos ({*}MMSK): [[89]] *Macro - Large + Metasoma (meta + soma) -- The same as psychosoma, the extraphysical instrument of extraphysical and intraphysical consciousnesses (http://www.mundoiac.org/english/glossary) + Kosmos - Order = Outer-extraphysical-consciousness's order.

Magdeburg jars

Magdeburg Hemispheres

Maimonides: "Moses ben Maimon [known to English speaking audiences as Maimonides and Hebrew speaking as Rambam] (1138--1204) is the greatest Jewish philosopher of the medieval period and is still widely read today." http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/maimonides/

Malebranche: "The French Cartesian Nicolas Malebranche was hailed by his contemporary, Pierre Bayle, as “the premier philosopher of our age.” Over the course of his philosophical career, Malebranche published major works on metaphysics, theology, and ethics, as well as studies of optics, the laws of motion and the nature of color. He is known principally for offering a highly original synthesis of the views of his intellectual heroes, St. Augustine and René Descartes. Two distinctive results of this synthesis are Malebranche's doctrine that we see bodies through ideas in God and his occasionalist conclusion that God is the only real cause." http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/malebranche/

Mani

Maya: A Hindu term for the sense-world, which makes all things appear separate rather than connected

maze: This is an overarching philosophical frame that unites PKD’s ontological and ethical speculations from the 2-3-74 event and which seems to finally satisfy him as to the nature of VALIS. Everyday reality is the maze, which we understand as something we must either break out of (ie, a prison) or break into (ie, to retrieve the Holy Grail). (We can understand the maze in either way and it basically doesn’t matter which spatiality we prefer.) In much the same way as the figure of the Bodhisattva, one can only solve the maze through the supererogatory act of choosing to go back inside to save others, once one has (seemed to) escape; thus PKD views his VALIS religion as the next step in the evolution of both Judaism and Christianity. In Judaism we have the scapegoat; you die so I can live. In Christianity we have the martyr; I die so you can live. With VALIS we can both live. This is laid out very succinctly in just nine pages in folder 54, section L. (gc)

McKenna, Terrence: [[14, 4]]

Megiddo Mission

Mr. Toad’s Wild Ride – A Disneyland ride based on the film The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949). Unlike the film, the ride concludes in hell.

Mustard Seed

Minkowski

Moksa

Mustard Seed

Negentropic: A force which brings order to a disordered system

Noös: Greek. Ultimate mind, ultimate reason. Often suggestive of an Ultimate Rationality.

Noetically: As perceived by the mind

Ontogon

Orgone

Ornstein, Robert

Orphics:

Orthogonal: Perpendicular; at a right angle in the way that the dimensions of length, width and depth are to one another.

Osiris: God of death, the afterlife and the underworld from Ancient Egyptian mythology.

The Owl in Darkness: PKD’s unfinished final novel. He talks about some of his plans for this book in 54:L6, 54:L9. (gc)

Palintropos and palintonos harmonie: A term used in Heraclitus' fragment 51 to describe the paradoxical harmony of oppositional processes. In the Exegesis, this concept is applied to time.

Palm Tree World or Palm Tree Garden:

*Panentheism: "*Panentheism understands God and the world to be inter-related with the world being in God and God being in the world. It offers an increasingly popular alternative to traditional theism and pantheism. Panentheism seeks to avoid both isolating God from the world as traditional theism often does and identifying God with the world as pantheism does." http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/panentheism/

*Pantheism: "*Pantheism is a metaphysical and religious position. Broadly defined it is the view that (1) “God is everything and everything is God … the world is either identical with God or in some way a self-expression of his nature” (Owen 1971: 74). Similarly, it is the view that (2) everything that exists constitutes a “unity” and this all-inclusive unity is in some sense divine (MacIntyre 1967: 34)." http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pantheism/

Paraclete: Koine Greek word often used to refer to the Christian “Holy Spirit”

Parmenides: Pre-Socratic philosopher. He described reality as a mixture between two Forms, "night" and "light."

Parousia: The Second Coming of Christ.

Parsifal: A three-act opera by Richard Wagner, based on the epic poem Parzival, about the titular knight's quest for the Holy Grail. (jh)

Proud, Peter – From The Reincarnation of Peter Proud, a 1975 film

Philo of Alexandria: “Philo of Alexandria, a Hellenized Jew also called Judaeus Philo, is a figure that spans two cultures, the Greek and the Hebrew. When Hebrew mythical thought met Greek philosophical thought in the first century B.C.E. it was only natural that someone would try to develop speculative and philosophical justification for Judaism in terms of Greek philosophy. Thus Philo produced a synthesis of both traditions developing concepts for future Hellenistic interpretation of messianic Hebrew thought...” http://www.iep.utm.edu/philo/

Phylogon / Phylogenic: (Phylogenic) "based on natural evolutionary relationships" http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?book=Third&va=phylogenetic

Pigspurt: [origin of term is likely a pun on "Sowjet" = "Soviet"]

Pike, James: Episcopalian bishop and friend of Philip K. Dick. Pike and Dick discussed theology in the late 1960s, and Pike is thanked in the acknowledgments for A Maze of Death. Pike, who questioned traditional doctrines such as the Trinity and the virginity of Mary, was accused of heresy several times. When he was officially censured by the Church in 1966, he resigned his post. His son Jim committed suicide the same year, and his attempts to contact his son after his death are detailed in the book The Other Side. Dick and Nancy Hackett attended a seance with Pike, and are thanked in The Other Side's acknowledgments. In 1969, Pike died in the Israeli desert while researching the Essenes and the historical Jesus. Dick fictionalized the last few years of his life in The Transmigration of Timothy Archer.

Pinky: Philip K. Dick's cat.

Pisti: An ardent faith, often referring specifically to faith in the Christ of the New Testament

*Plasmate: *A plasmate is someone 'born again'.

Pleroma: A term used by the Christian St. Paul to refer to the realm of the divine.

Prajapati

Pretextual cause

Pronoia: "The suspicion the Universe is a conspiracy on your behalf" - John Perry Barlow

Pythagoras: "Pythagoras, one of the most famous and controversial ancient Greek philosophers, lived from ca. 570 to ca. 490 BCE...Pythagoras wrote nothing, nor were there any detailed accounts of his thought written by contemporaries. By the first centuries BCE, moreover, it became fashionable to present Pythagoras in a largely unhistorical fashion as a semi-divine figure, who originated all that was true in the Greek philosophical tradition, including many of Plato's and Aristotle's mature ideas." http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pythagoras/

Qumran Scrolls: The Dead Sea Scrolls, "The scrolls and scroll fragments recovered in the Qumran environs represent a voluminous body of Jewish documents, a veritable "library", dating from the third century B.C.E. to 68 C.E." http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/deadsea.scrolls.exhibit/Library/library.html

Ruah

Savoy, Gene: Founder of the International Community of Christ, Church of the Second Advent, and author of the book The Decoded New Testament. Savoy taught that the light of the sun carries information that can awaken latent abilities in properly-trained individuals.

"secret invisible government": A notion seemingly borrowed from Benjamin Creme that involves a small, benevolent group of monklike adepts who secretly run the world and who are only now coming into the open. In this version of the VALIS event they contacted him by telepathy in 2-3-74. See 54:K3-K4. Linked to the Tagore letter. (gc)

Shiva

*Sophia: *Both a philosophical concept regarding wisdom and a theological concept regarding God.

Spinoza: "Baruch (or Benedictus) Spinoza is one of the most important philosophers--and certainly the most radical--of the early modern period. His thought combines a commitment to Cartesian metaphysical and epistemological principles with elements from ancient Stoicism and medieval Jewish rationalism into a nonetheless highly original system. His extremely naturalistic views on God, the world, the human being and knowledge serve to ground a moral philosophy centered on the control of the passions leading to virtue and happiness." http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/spinoza/

Steganography: From Greek, "hidden writing." An obvious message (often a picture or piece of writing) that contains a hidden, encoded message. (jh)

The Strange Case of Charles Dexter Ward – “The Case of Charles Dexter Ward” is a 1927 story by horror writer H. P. Lovecraft which involves resurrecting the dead for knowledge.

Surd [[folder 1]]

Tagore letter: As noted in Lawrence Sutin’s glossary below, this is a letter sent to 85 or 86 individuals detailing a new savior currently living in Sri Lanka, taking upon his body man’s sins against the ecosystem. I have a photocopy of this which I’ve scanned and uploaded as an attachment to the glossary page. Important to folder 54: see 54:K1, 54:M12-M13. (gc)

Taoism

Taylor, Angus: Author of the 1973 pamphlet Philip K. Dick and the Umbrella of Light, an early critical work on Dick's writings.

Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre: Jesuit theologian, philosopher, and scientist notable for his fusion of theology and evolutionary theory. He proposed that humankind was evolving toward the Omega Point, a single, unified being that is also Christ.

Theolepsy: Possession by a deity.

Thomas: Thomas is the figure who entered or was in control of PKD’s body during the 2-3-74 event. Sutin’s biography refers to him as an “Early Christian personage,” but this is only one of the many explanations for Thomas that PKD floated; he is also referred to an alternate or future version of Dick himself (early in section 39, also 54:J8) or some sort of Soviet agent (late in folder 39, for instance, 39:71-73). (gc)

Ti to on

Two-source cosmology: A description of the apparent universe as arising from two overlapping sources. Two holographic projections, antithetical and sometimes conceptualized as the Black Iron Prison and the Palm Tree Garden superimpose, creating the world of sensation. Dick credits this theory partly to Terrence and Donald McKenna, though suggesting he has modified it. [[14,14]] (jh)

UTI: Ultra-terrestrial Intelligence (?). (jh)

Xenophanes: "Xenophanes of Colophon was a philosophically-minded poet who lived in various parts of the ancient Greek world during the late 6th and early 5th centuries BCE He is best remembered for a novel critique of anthropomorphism in religion, a partial advance toward monotheism, and some pioneering reflections on the conditions of knowledge." http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/xenophanes/

Xerox letter:

Yaldabaoth

Zagreus

Zimmer, Heinrich

Zoroastrianism

Lawrence Sutin's Glossary

Hey everyone, I found Lawrence Sutin's glossary for "In Pursuit of Valis: Selections from the Exegesis" online. http://www.miqel.com/valis/index.html I've pasted that material below in case we'd like to work with some of it. -jh

Glossary

SELECTED Significant Terms

The Exegesis roams through all of western and eastern philosophy and religion. To thoroughly elucidate all con- cepts discussed within it, a glossary would have to expand to the size of a separate volume. The present Glossary limits itself to the most vital terms utilized by PKD in the Exegesis excerpts presented in this volume. In addition, personal and otherwise inscrutable references by PKD are clarified. For general subjects, such as Brahmanism, Buddhism, Christianity, Gnosticism, Judaism, Platonic and Neopla- tonic thought, Sufism, Zoroastrianism and the like, the reader must turn to the numerous competent reference works that are already available.

Those readers interested in studying reference works that were of particular value to PKD may wish to begin by perusing the philosophical and religious entries in the BRITANNICA 3, which was PKD's most frequently utilized reference source. Another favored reference work was the four-volume ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY published by Prentice-Hall. They should also seek out the works refer- enced in the editorial footnotes that accompany the Exege- sis selections in this volume.

Acosmism: A belief which denies the genuine existence of a universe apart and distinct from God. PKD wrestled with this belief but seldom embraced it, often positing instead a complex separate universe in need of divine restoration. See Two-Source Cosmology.

Acts: The Book of Acts in the New Testament. PKD often believed that there was a significant overlap of spiritual content between Acts and his own hovel, FLOW MY TEARS, THE POLICEMAN SAID (1974). According to PKD, this overlap was completely unconscious, as he had not read Acts at the time of writing TEARS (1970-73). Thus, PKD would often analyze TEARS in the Exegesis as a precursive confirmation of the spiritual validity of his 2-3-74 experiences.

AI Voice: Artificial Intelligence Voice. Terms coined by PKD to name the hypnagogic voice that he heard often in 1974-75 and intermittently in the years thereafter until his death. It is a misleading term in that PKD did not consistently hold that the voice was AI in nature. Most often, he described it as "female," and his theoretical attributions for it included the Gnostic god- dess Sophia (see Sophia) and PKD's own sister Jane.

Anamnesis (Greek): Recollection; abrogation of amnesia. It is one of the key concepts of Platonic philosophy. For Plato, anamne- sis---recollection of the ultimate World of Ideas in which the soul dwelled before incarnating in human form---explained the human capacity for understanding abstract, universal truths, such as the geometric theorems of Euclid. For PKD, anamnesis served as one term by which to describe his encounter, in 2-3-74, with what he regarded as a higher wisdom.

Ananke (Greek): The blindness that follows hubris (overweening pride or self-absorption).

Black Iron Prison (BIP): PKD's term for the unredeemed (spiritu- ally) and spurious (ontologically) world of everyday conscious- ness. The reality that enchains us. See Orthogonal Time.

Crypte morphosis (Greek): Latent shape or form. In 1974, PKD found himself thinking in Greek phrases (including this one) during a hypnagogic state. He later related the concept of latent shape to Fragment 51 (the Bow and the Lyre) of Heraclitus.

Dokos (Greek): Deception, lack of true perception. PKD employed this term as a Greek cognate for the Sanskrit maya.

Eidos (Greek): Ultimate Form or Idea. A fundamental term in Platonic Philosophy, in which the Idea of the Good is the unify- ing principle of the World of Ideas, which in turn is the source of all being.

Enantiodromia: Sudden transformation into an opposite form or tendency. The term was used by Heraclitus, but PKD first became familiar with it through his reading of C.G. Jung. Jung employs it to describe the tendency for the psyche to overcome deep- seated psychic resistance by shifting (seemingly suddenly) to the opposite pole of attitude, belief, and emotion. For PKD, enantiodromia was one term by which to describe the force and extent of his inner transformation in 2-3-74.

Entelechy: Actualized being or process that has fully realized its potential.

Firebright: Name coined by PKD for ultimate, living wisdom. See Plasmate.

Golden Fish: On February 20,1974, a young woman working for a local pharmacy delivered a bottle of prescription Darvon tablets to the Fullerton, California apartment of PKD. She was wearing a necklace with a golden fish emblem. According to PKD, the sight of that emblem triggered the events of 2-3-74. PKD regarded the golden fish as both a Christian symbol and as a spur to anamnesis of the eternal truths of all philosophies and religions.

Heimarmene (Greek): The deluding, entrapping power of the spurious, unredeemed world of everyday reality.

Homoplasmate: A human being who has been transformed through crossbonding with living knowledge bestowed or trans- mitted by a higher source of wisdom. See Plasmate.

James-James: The name given by PKD to a mad god of whom he

dreamed in 1974 or 1975. His nature was that of an evil magician. He corresponds closely to the Gnostic demiurge Yaldabaoth.

Macrometasomakosmos: PKD's own term for ultimate, genuine reality; a cognate term to the Platonic World of Ideas. See Eidos. Literally, this term breaks down into Great-Ultimate-Body-of- the-Cosmos.

MITHC: PKD novel THE MAN IN THE HIGH CASTLE (1962).
Moira (Greek): Justice.

Morphological Realm: As used by PKD, this phrase refers to the realm of ultimate, genuine reality. As such, it is analogous to the Realm of Ideas of Plato (see Eidos) and the Palm Tree Garden.

Negentropic: A force or influence which counters or reverses the process of entropy.

Noesis (Greek): The experience of direct perception of the Realm of Ideas posited by Plato. See Eidos.

Noos (Greek); Nous (Latin): Ultimate Reason.

Orthogonal Time: Time in its genuine mode, moving perpendic- ularly to spurious linear time. In a 1975 essay, "Man, Android and Machine," PKD described orthogonal time as containing within "a simultaneous plane or extension everything which was, just as grooves on an LP contain that part of the music which has already been played; they don't disappear after the stylus tracks them." Orthogonal time was one theory by which PKD attempted to explain the sense bestowed upon him by the expe- riences of 2-3-74 that "The Empire Never Ended," i.e. that Imper- ial Rome and modern day America were simultaneous or superimposed aspects of the enduring Black Iron Prison.

Palm Tree Garden (PTG): The redeemed (spiritually) and genuine (ontologically) world, revealed to PKD in January-February 1975, when the southern California world around him seemed to transform into the Levant, and goodness seemed to pervade the whole. In chapter 18 of the PKD-Roger Zelazny collaborative novel DEUS IRAE (1976), the vision of Dr. Abernathy-which was written by PKD alone---is that of the Palm Tree Garden.

Pigspurt: See Plasmate.

Plasmate: Literally, living knowledge. PKD often felt that he had bonded with it in 2-3-74, and that, as a result, there dwelled within his psyche what seemed to be a second, entirely other self. See Homoplasmate. At times, PKD believed that the identity of this second self was the late James A. Pike, with whom PKD had been friends in the mid-1960s. At other times, he posited an early Christian named Thomas (who lived circa 45-70 A.D., in the time of the Book of Acts) as this second self. Yet another identity posed by PKD was Pigspurt, a malevolent force that had filled him with fear and a craven attitude toward governmental authority; but it should be noted that Pigspurt was seldom mentioned---PKD rarely regarded this second self as malevolent. As for the plas- mate itself, he most often regarded it as the living transmission of the Gnostic goddess Saint Sophia, Holy Wisdom. Another name coined by PKD for this Holy Wisdom was Firebright. With respect to PKD's use of the term "plasmate" to describe living information that pervades the universe, it should be noted that a similar information metaphor is now being employed by certain quantum physics theorists.

Ramparts Petition: PKD was a signatory to a "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" petition that appeared in the February 1968 issue of "Ramparts," a new left magazine that opposed the Vietnam War. In subsequent years, PKD came to fear that he had thus earned the enduring wrath (and surveillance attention) of the U.S. government and its military intelligence branches.

RET: Acronym for Real Elapsed Time.

Rhipidos (Greek): Fan or fan-like shape. PKD associated rhipidos (one of the Greek words that came to him in his hypnogogic visions) with the fins of the fish, which is a symbol of Christ as well as of the benign deity of the Dogon people. The Rhipidon Society in VALIS takes as its motto: "fish cannot carry guns."

Set and Ground: Terms used by PKD (apparently borrowed from gestalt perception theory) to both distinguish between genuine reality (set) and spurious reality (ground), and to

describe their seeming admixture in the everyday world. See Two-Source Cosmology.

Sophia: Gnostic goddess of wisdom. See AI Voice and Plasmate.

Spatiotemporal Realm: As used by PKD, this phrase refers to the spurious world of accepted, everyday reality, which is bounded by static, linear concepts of time and space. See Morphological Realm.

Tagore: On the night of September 17, 1981, Phil was falling asleep and then was suddenly startled awake by a hypnagogic vision of Tagore, a world savior who was living in Ceylon. On September 23, PKD sent a letter to the science fiction fanzine "Niekas" (and to some eighty-five other individuals, friends and distant contacts) describing Tagore as dark-skinned, Hindu or Buddhist, and working in the countryside with a veterinary group.

TDHG: Narrative sequence of letters by PKD, THE DARK-HAIRED GIRL, written in 1972 and published posthumously in 1988.

To Scare the Dead: Proposed title for PKD novel---the principle subject of which would be the events of 2-3-74---as to which PKD made notes in 1974-75. The novel was never written. The title was intended to refer to the reawakening of seemingly dead personages (such as the early Christian Thomas) as a result of the same forces that were at work in PKD's 2-3-74 experiences. See Valisystem A.

Thomas: Early Christian personage who, according to one line of speculation of PKD, had crossbonded with PKD during the events of 2-3-74. Thomas was the embodiment of the living knowledge of early Christianity. See Homoplasmate and Plas- mate.

Two-Source Cosmology: Phrase employed by PKD to describe one of his most persistent theoretical viewpoints in the Exegesis: that the universe (and, in particular, our own world) was a dualist admixture of genuine and spurious reality. This dualistic: view- point was intertwined with PKD's own tragic experience as a surviving twin---his sister Jane died at age five weeks. See chapter

one of my DIVINE INVASIONS: A LIFE OF PHILIP K. DICK (1989) for an extensive discussion of this episode and its reverberations in PKD's thought. On a more formal level, PKD drew from the dualisms of Gnosticism, the Presocratic philosophers Heraclitus and Parmenides, Taoism, and Zoroastrianism in fashioning (and ceaselessly refashioning) his various theories on the nature of the two-source cosmology.

Valis: Acronym coined by PKD; its meaning is "Vast Active Living Intelligence System." PKD utilized Valis in the Exegesis in a variety of contexts to express his sense of the nature of ultimate reality. See definition set forth by PKD as the opening epigram to his novel VALIS (1981).

Valisystem A: PKD novel as to which he made notes in 1974-76 (sometimes in conjunction with notes on TO SCARE THE DEAD). The novel was finally written in 1976; it was posthumously published in 1985 as RADIO FREE ALBEMUTH.

Xerox Letter or Xerox Missive: See the "Editor's Preface" to this volume at page xiii.

Xtianity: Distinct from Christianity in PKD's writings, this refers to [?]

Yaldabaoth: Blind, deranged Gnostic demiurge who created the spurious world---the Black Iron Prison that ensnares conscious- ness. See James-James.

Zagreus (Greek): A name of the Greek god Dionysus, which means literally "torn to pieces." The name reflects the Orphic myth that Dionysus (god of vegetation and of the spring renewal) was, as a child, torn to pieces by the Titans, only to come back to life through the agency of his father Zeus, who restored his son to life by eating the heart of his sundered corpse. Zagreus was regarded by PKD as an alternate divine form of Christ.

Zebra: Term coined by PKD to describe how ultimate reality conceals itself in the spurious world through mimicry of the everyday banal "trash" that surrounds us. The analogy, of course, is to the concealing mimicry afforded by the stripes of a zebra. Zebra is a cognate term for Valis.

Lawrence Sutin